May 2019


The BIG news on the illustration front was my attendance at the ‘turn the page‘ Artists’ Book Fair in The Forum in Norwich on the 17th and 18th of the month. It proved to be a huge incentive to finish my two latest pop-up books – ‘British Butterflies’ and ‘Tulips’ But this month I thought I’d talk about the inspiration for a couple of my little concertina books – ‘Flowers for Butterflies’ and ‘Flowers for Bees’ shown on the nearer part of my stall.

It started at the end of the second year in my Illustration degree at the Norwich University of the Arts when we were given a project on reportage. I know we were meant to go out into the vast outdoors and draw in public but, being a very shy illustrator, I choose to interpret the brief as being outside – but in my garden.

I didn’t enjoy the experience; I recall writing in my sketchbook: “I’m sitting on a small, uncomfortable stool feeling hot and bothered. Greenfly keep landing on the page and I’m hating working outside in the sunshine”. However, all that changed when I started drawing the plants that bees were visiting and then, as often happens, an idea emerged. I drew the plants that were growing in a line at the edge of the patio, photocopied it several times and then plotted on the paths taken by various visiting bees.

Several years on, it lead me to experimenting with this horizontal format in a book all about flowers that attract bees to your garden. Below is the very first draft. I’d actually only folded some paper to mock-up the possible dimensions for the book, but then couldn’t resist inking in some flowers, and then adding a splash of colour. I undertook a bit more research into the actual flowers to include before producing the final books. And if you’re interested in planting flowers to attract butterflies and bees to your garden take a look at my blogs for December 2017 where I give the botanical name for each of the plants in the books so you know what to look for at your local garden centre.


May is such a wonderful time in the garden, with so many plants bursting into leaf and flower. I love the play of light on the garden, throwing plants into sunlit contrast against other shaded areas.

I’m delighted with how established this area of the garden is looking as it was only added a couple of years ago. And, of course, the bees love all those alliums.

And continuing my suggestions for plants for shady areas, I’m a huge fan of the white version of camassia. They are actually a very subtle shade of off-white and perform beautifully in the shade. Flowering a week or two later than the blue version, their flowers seem to last much longer and they have such a delicate, starry appearance.


This is the quintessentially British cake for afternoon tea in the garden. It’s one of my tried-and-tested super-easy loaf tin recipes that you can whisk up in moments. I like to make it the day before so that the flavours have a chance to all melt together. Don’t expect it to have the ‘high rise’ of modern sponge cakes with their layers of icing. This old-fashioned recipe produces a cake which may look more modest but more than makes up for it with its wonderfully dense texture and delicious taste – the perfect partner with a cuppa!

Cherry & Almond Cake

(makes 8-10 slices)


150g self-rising flour
125g glacé cherries, quartered*
125g caster sugar
50g ground almonds
125g soft butter or baking margarine
2 medium eggs
1 tsp almond extract
25g flaked almonds

You will need

a 2lb / 900g loaf tin
non-stick liner or butter and greaseproof paper


  • Preheat the oven to 160°C/Gas 3.
  • Lightly grease and line the loaf tin or use a non-stick liner.
  • Mix the flour and quartered cherries together in a bowl, stirring to ensure the cherries are all coated with flour, and then tip into a sieve.  Sift the flour into a mixing bowl retaining the cherries in the sieve.  Set these aside to fold into the cake mixture later.
  • Add all the other ingredients (except the flaked almonds) to the flour and beat the mixture with an electric hand mixer for one minute.  Fold in the cherries ensuring they are evenly distributed throughout the batter.
  • Spoon the mixture into the tin and level the surface. Sprinkle the flaked almonds across the top and bake for about 60 minutes until the cake is well risen and springs back when the surface is lightly pressed with a finger.
  • Leave the cake to cool in the tin for 10 minutes then remove and place on a cooling rack.

*  If you have time, rinse the syrup from the glacé cherries and dry thoroughly before quartering.  This really helps ensure the cherries are evenly distributed throughout the cake.

Until June….

Work in Progress

I’m designing my latest concertina-fold book – a little book on British Butterflies.

Having researched information about the butterflies, I’ve drawn up a ‘story board’ showing the initial layout for the book.  The next stage is to produce a mock-up of the book as only when you’re turning the pages in your hand can you tell whether the layout of the book is going to work.  As you can see from the many rubbings out, the ideas get changed time and time again.

I’m currently working on the lettering, using my favourite Sennelier ink (grey rather than my usual choice of brown) and experimenting with different nibs.  Once I’m happy with that I’ll start work on the illustrations of the butterflies.

Flowers for Bees – a little concertina book

I’ve got a range of flowers in the garden that I know are beneficial for bees.  It helps that I like simple flowers as they are the best sort for bees to feed from but I was surprised to see how much the bees enjoyed these crocus flowers. The had the added benefit of blooming early in the year so helping to provide food all year round.

Once I’d decided to produce a ‘Flowers for Bees’ book, I was out in the garden taking photos of all the flowers the bees were feeding on.  I have to say that it was much easier photographing the bees – the butterflies had a habit of fluttering off as soon as I got my camera out!

If you’re keen to attract bees into your garden here is a list of the Latin names for the flowers that I’ve illustrated in my book:

Lenten Rose – Helleborus orientalis
Crocus – Crocus tommasinianus
Geum – Geum rivale
Catmint – Nepeta
Allium – Allium (all the globe varieties)
Lavender – Lavendula
Astrantia – Astrantia major
Iris – Iris (all varieties)
Grannies Bonnet – Aquilegia vulgaris
Bee Balm – Monarda didyma
Culver’s Root -Veronicastrum virginicum
Sunflower – Helianthus annuus
Foxglove – Digitalis
Cranesbill – Geranium (all varieties)
Yarrow – Achillea
Japanese Anemone – Anemone japonica
Globe Thistle – Echinops
Single Rose – Rosa (single-flowered varieties are best for bees).

Flowers for Butterflies – A Little Concertina Book

I’ve always gardened for wildlife – I love watching the butterflies, bees and birds that come into the garden.

This female green-veined white butterfly spent a long time feeding on a sunflower in the garden – long enough for this photograph to be taken!  It prompted me to think about producing a little concertina book that illustrated the flowers that attract butterflies into a garden. If you’re looking to add a plant or two to do the same, here are the Latin names of the flowers illustrated in the ‘Flowers for Butterflies’ book:

Wallflower – Erysimum
Pasque Flower – Pulsatilla vulgaris
Pinks – Dianthus
Hollyhocks – Alcea rosea
Cranesbill – Geranium
Heartsease – Viola tricolor
Lavender – Lavendula
Shasta Daisy – Leucanthemum x superbum
Pincushion Flower – Scabious
Sunflowers – Helianthus annuus
Primroses – Primula vulgaris
Sneezeweed – Helenium
Purple Coneflowers – Echinacea purpurea
Red Valerian – Centranthus ruber
Stonecrop – Sedum spectabile
Michaelmas Daisies – Aster symphyotrichum
Verbena – Verbena bonariensis
Butterfly Bush – Buddleja davidii

Butterflies prefer a warm and sheltered part of the garden so plant your chosen flowers in such a spot and wait for the butterflies to come and feed.

A small tortoiseshell butterfly on a lavender plant.